## How many transistors are in a XOR gate?

This gate uses only 3 transistors and has a small delay of mere 1 transistor (1T). However, for certain input combinations, it gives poor output logic levels.

### How many transistors are in and gate?

A NAND gate is 1 transistor per input. A NOR gate is 1 transistor per input. An AND gate is basically a NAND gate + a NOT gate, so it takes 1 transistor more than a NAND gate.

#### How do you represent the XOR gate?

The logic symbols ⊕, Jpq, and ⊻ can be used to denote an XOR operation in algebraic expressions. C-like languages use the caret symbol ^ to denote bitwise XOR. (Note that the caret does not denote logical conjunction (AND) in these languages, despite the similarity of symbol.)

**What is 3 input XOR gate?**

For 3-input XOR gates, we can have the HIGH input when odd numbers of inputs are at HIGH level. So the 3-input OR gate is called as “Odd functioned OR gate”.

**Are transistors logic gates?**

“A logic gate in a microchip is made up of a specific arrangement of transistors. For modern microchips, the transistors are of the kind called Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor (MOSFET), and the semiconductor used is silicon. “In a logic-gate arrangement, each of the MOSFETs works like a switch.

## Is XOR a universal gate?

2 Answers. You can’t derive an OR (or AND, NOR, NAND) gate from only XOR (or XNOR) gates, because they are not universal gates.

### Which logic family is fastest?

Emitter-coupled logic

Emitter-coupled logic (ECL) is a BJT-based logic family which is generally considered as the fastest logic available. ECL achieves its high-speed operation by employing a relatively small voltage swing and preventing the transistors from entering the saturation region.

#### How is XOR calculated?

To find XOR of more than two numbers, represent all numbers in binary representation, add 0’s before if necessary. To find each bit of XOR just calculate number of 1’s in the corresponding bits. If it is even or zero then that XOR’ed bit is 0. If it is odd then that XOR’ed bit is 1.

**Where is XOR gate used?**

It is used in simple digital addition circuits which calculate the sum and carry of two (half-adder) or three (full-adder) bit numbers. XOR gates are also used to determine the parity of a binary number, i.e., if the total number of 1’s in the number is odd or even.

**What is XOR formula?**

= XOR(logical1, [logical2],…) The XOR function includes the following arguments: Logical1, logical2 – Logical1 is a required argument, whereas logical2 and subsequent logical values are optional.

## Why logic gates are used?

Computers need a way to manipulate those 1s and 0s, so that they can eventually do more complicated operations like calculating the 50th digit of π. Computers use logic gates to transform the 1s and 0s from input wires. A logic gate accepts inputs and then outputs a result based on their state.

### What are the 7 basic logic gates?

There are seven basic logic gates: AND, OR, XOR, NOT, NAND, NOR, and XNOR. The AND gate is so named because, if 0 is called “false” and 1 is called “true,” the gate acts in the same way as the logical “and” operator.

#### How many gates are used in XOR gate?

However, this approach requires five gates of three different kinds. which can be implemented using only three gates as shown on the right. An XOR gate circuit can be made from four NAND gates. In fact, both NAND and NOR gates are so-called “universal gates” and any logical function can be constructed from either NAND logic or NOR logic alone.

**What is the function of a XOR gate?**

XOR gate. XOR gate (sometimes EOR, or EXOR and pronounced as Exclusive OR) is a digital logic gate that gives a true (1 or HIGH) output when the number of true inputs is odd. An XOR gate implements an exclusive or; that is, a true output results if one, and only one, of the inputs to the gate is true.

**What is the difference between XOR AND XNOR gates?**

The XOR gate has a lesser-known cousin called the XNOR gate. An XNOR gate is an XOR gate whose output is inverted. As you can see, the only difference between these two symbols is that the XNOR has a circle on its output to indicate that the output is inverted. One of the most common uses for XOR gates is to add two binary numbers.

## What is the opposite of XOR gate?

An EXNOR logic gate is the opposite of the XOR gate. We can extend the functionality of the gates we have seen so far by just attaching an inverter to them. This will allow us to have more options of creating complex logic using essentially the same gates that we have seen so far, albeit with an inverter attached at their outputs.