What are the side effects of dextromethorphan over the counter?
Dextromethorphan (DXM) is an over-the-counter (OTC) cough suppressant commonly found in cold medications. DXM is often abused in high doses by adolescents to generate euphoria and visual and auditory hallucinations.
What’s the maximum dosage of dextromethorphan you can take?
Immediate-release: 10 to 20 mg orally every 4 hours or 30 mg orally ever 6 to 8 hours. Extended-release: 60 mg orally every 12 hours. Maximum dose: 120 mg in 24 hours.
What kind of Medicine is dextromethorphan used for?
Dextromethorphan (DXM or DM) is a medication most often used as a cough suppressant in over-the-counter cold and cough medicines.
What is the sterocenter configuration of dextromethorphan?
Dextromethorphan is a 6-methoxy-11-methyl-1,3,4,9,10,10a-hexahydro-2H-10,4a- (epiminoethano)phenanthrene in which the sterocenters at positions 4a, 10 and 10a have S-configuration. It is a prodrug of dextrorphan and used as an antitussive drug for suppressing cough.
What happens when you take dextromethorphan and robotrip?
Symptoms of Robotripping. DXM is a hallucinogen. Many people high on dextromethorphan experience mild euphoria. But taking large amounts of the cough suppressant can lead to intense hallucinations and paranoia. These effects can cause violent behaviors that may result in assault or suicide.
What kind of cough medicine does dextromethorphan belong to?
The dextromethorphan class belongs to a cough category called antitussive. In a recommended DXM dose, the side effects are rarely observed. However, some adolescents used it in high doses as a recreational drug. So, it is essential to follow dextromethorphan dosage instructions printed on the product label when using a cough medicine with DXM.
When does dextromethorphan exert its antitussive effect?
Dextromethorphan is rapidly absorbed from the GI tract and exerts its antitussive effect in 15-30 minutes after oral administration. The duration of action is approximately 3-6 hours with conventional dosage forms.