What disease is caused by CMV?

Occasionally, CMV can cause mononucleosis or hepatitis (liver problem). People with weakened immune systems who get CMV can have more serious symptoms affecting the eyes, lungs, liver, esophagus, stomach, and intestines. Babies born with CMV can have brain, liver, spleen, lung, and growth problems.

Does CMV stay in your body forever?

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus. Once infected, your body retains the virus for life. Most people don’t know they have CMV because it rarely causes problems in healthy people. If you’re pregnant or if your immune system is weakened, CMV is cause for concern.

Is CMV life threatening?

Usually CMV is a mild disease that does not cause any serious problems in healthy children and adults. Most people get flu-like symptoms or an illness similar to mononucleosis, if they develop symptoms at all.

What does CMV do to the body?

CMV can infect the stomach and intestines, causing fever, abdominal pain, blood in the stool, and inflammation of the colon (colitis). Inflammation can also occur in the liver (hepatitis), lung (pneumonitis), and brain (encephalitis). Infection in the eye (retinitis) can cause blindness.

Is CMV virus an STD?

CMV can be sexually transmitted. It can also be transmitted via breast milk, transplanted organs and, rarely, blood transfusions. Although the virus is not highly contagious, it has been shown to spread in households and among young children in day care centers.

How long does CMV virus last?

But CMV infection in teens may last only 2 to 3 weeks and cause no lasting problems. Once a person has the infection, the virus stays in the body, lying dormant (not active). It can become “reactivated” (come back) weeks or years later.

How is CMV virus treated?

Treatment of CMV Infection Mild cytomegalovirus infection is usually not treated. It subsides on its own. When the infection threatens life or eyesight, an antiviral drug (valganciclovir, ganciclovir, cidofovir, foscarnet, or a combination) may be given. These drugs may be given by mouth or by vein.

Can CMV go away?

There’s no cure for CMV. The virus stays inactive in your body and can cause more problems later. This reactivation is most common in people who’ve had stem cell and organ transplants.

Does CMV need to be treated?

Treatment generally isn’t necessary for healthy children and adults. Healthy adults who develop CMV mononucleosis generally recover without medication. Newborns and people who have weakened immunity need treatment when they’re experiencing symptoms of CMV infection.

What kind of illness can you get from CMV?

CMV is a common virus that infects 50 to 80 percent of people at some time during their lives but rarely causes obvious illness. It is a member of the herpesvirus family. Other members of the herpesvirus family cause chickenpox, infectious mononucleosis, fever blisters (herpes simplex type I) and genital herpes (herpes simplex type II).

How does CMV stay dormant in the body?

Once you’ve got CMV, it stays in your system forever. A type of herpes virus, CMV remains dormant in your body just like chickenpox and mono, laying low even after any noticeable symptoms subside. When dormant, it’s not contagious, but can reactivate and become contagious at any time, unbeknown to the carrier.

Who is the American family physician for cytomegalovirus?

GREGORY H. TAYLOR, M.D., University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Am Fam Physician. 2003 Feb 1;67 (3):519-524. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a prevalent viral pathogen. The majority of persons with acute CMV will experience an inapparent infection.

How is CMV spread from person to person?

Anyone can become infected with CMV. Almost all people have been exposed to CMV by the time they reach adulthood. How is CMV spread? Although the virus is not highly communicable, it can be spread from person to person by direct contact. The virus is shed in the urine, saliva, semen and to a lesser extent in other body fluids.

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