What does iodine and red phosphorus do?
Iodine is combined with red phosphorus to make hydriodic acid (HI), which is essential ingredient for the conversion of ephedrine to methamphetamine carried out in the Red P production method (Salocks and Kaley 2003c; Turkington 2000).
What happens when you mix phosphorus and iodine?
White phosphorus, P4, reacts vigorously with all the halogens at room temeperature to form phosphorus trihalides. White phosphorus, P4, reacts with iodine, I2, in carbon disulphide (CS2) to form phosphorus(II) iodide, P2I4. The same compound is formed in the reaction between red phosphorus and iodine, I2, at 180°C.
What is the Nagai method?
Nagai Method It involves the red phosphorus and Hydroiodic acid. Ephedrine is iodinated by Hydroiodic acid to form iodoephedrine. In the second step red phosphorus consumes iodine to form phosphorus triiodide. The methamphetamine producted with this method is usually near 95% pure.
What is the P2P method?
P2P. The principal chemicals are phenyl-2-propanone, aluminum, methylamine, and mercuric chloride. This method yields lower quality dl-methamphetamine, has been associated with outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMGs), and is commonly referred to as the P2P method.
Why is red phosphorus illegal?
Because of its connection to meth production, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration regulates the sale of red phosphorus in the United States, along with white phosphorus and hypophosphorous acid (H3PO2).
Is red a phosphorus?
Phosphorus, a nonmetallic element of the group 15 in the periodic table, has three main allotropes: white, red, and black phosphorus. Red phosphorus is a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, and both amorphous and crystalline phases are known to be present.
What is the drug ephedrine?
Ephedrine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low blood pressure during anesthesia (Hypotension). Ephedrine may be used alone or with other medications. Ephedrine belongs to a class of drugs called Alpha/Beta Adrenergic Agonists.
Is red phosphorus illegal?
It is unlawful for any person knowingly or intentionally to possess or distribute red phosphorus, white phosphorus, or hypophosphorous acid, knowing, or having reasonable cause to believe, these substances will be used to illegally manufacture methamphetamine.
Is P2P illegal?
Sharing work or media through a peer-to-peer (P2P) network is legal if you own the copyright, thus you own the right to determine if and how that work is distributed. However, it is illegal for you to download or share copyrighted works without permission from the copyright owner. …
Is red phosphorus banned?
Red phosphorus is not banned by environmental laws or regulations. However, Epson is banning its use to prevent accidents and ensure product safety.
How to reduce pseudoephedrine with red phosphorus and iodine?
9) The pinkpencil-patented-pushpull tank (The p5t): Cut the top off a 2 liter soda bottle and place a 16 oz soda bottle with holes in its bottom in it, use a butane or propane torch to heat the top of the 2 liter until the plastic shrinks down around the top of the 2 liter, this will hold it in place and still allow gas to escape.
Can you add red phosphorus to iodide salt?
The exact mechanism reaction for this reaction is not well described in literature and the information is relative scarce. To an iodide salt, which can be NaI or KI, add small amounts of conc. phosphoric acid and a small amount of red phosphorus.
How is red phosphorus used in Hi / P reduction?
Red phosphorus is required for the regeneration of H I from I X 2. P X r e d reacts with I X 2 to the phosphorus iodides P I X 3 and P I X 5, which are subsequently hydrolyzed to H X 3 P O X 3 / H X 3 P O X 4 and H I, which is reused in further reduction steps.
What to add to iodide salt for Hi / P reduction?
To an iodide salt, which can be NaI or KI, add small amounts of conc. phosphoric acid and a small amount of red phosphorus. Concentration of H 3 PO 4 between 70-90% is indicated to give a good performance, as it allows temperatures which are sufficient to reduce almost everything without the need of a pressure vessel.