What is murmur heart sound?

A heart murmur is a whooshing, humming or rasping sound between the heartbeat sounds. This is caused by noisy blood flow within the heart. Blood can flow abnormally through the heart for many reasons, including defective valves, congenital heart disorders and anaemia.

What are the four types of heart murmurs?

What are the different types of murmurs?

  • Systolic murmur. This happens during a heart muscle contraction.
  • Diastolic murmur. This happens during heart muscle relaxation between beats.
  • Continuous murmur. This happens throughout the cardiac cycle.

How do you identify a murmur?


  1. Echocardiogram. This test is the main test used to determine the cause of a heart murmur.
  2. Chest X-ray. A chest X-ray shows an image of your heart, lungs and blood vessels.
  3. Electrocardiogram (ECG).
  4. Cardiac catheterization.

What is the most common heart murmur?

The most common type of heart murmur is called functional or innocent. An innocent heart murmur is the sound of blood moving through a normal, healthy heart in a normal way.

How long can you live with heart murmur?

Innocent heart murmurs may disappear over time, or they may last your entire life without ever causing further health problems.

Can you see a heart murmur on an ECG?

Your doctor may order one or more of the following tests to see whether your heart murmur is innocent or if it is caused by acquired valve disease or a defect you were born with: Electrocardiogram (EKG), which measures the electrical activity of the heart.

How long can you live with a heart murmur?

Most often, the murmur will go away with age. However, some may live with a heart murmur into adulthood. In adults, meanwhile, some heart diseases — including heart valve disease — can cause heart murmurs. In this article, we describe the two types of heart murmur, their causes, and some treatment options.

Is it safe to exercise with a heart murmur?

If you do have a pathological heart murmur, your doctor will let you know if you need treatment (not all require treatment), and how the condition may or may not affect your day-to-day activities, including sports participation. “In most cases, people with murmurs have no symptoms,” says Dr. Singh.

What do heart murmurs feel like?

A typical heart murmur sounds like a whooshing noise. According to the American Heart Association, it usually feels like a very subtle extra pulse. Heart murmurs are common, especially among young children. They are usually normal and are called innocent heart murmurs.

Do heart murmurs make you tired?

People with an abnormal heart murmur may have symptoms of the problem causing the murmur. Symptoms can include: Feeling weak or tired. Shortness of breath, especially with exercise.

Should I worry about a heart murmur?

When to see a doctor Most heart murmurs aren’t serious, but if you think you or your child has a heart murmur, make an appointment to see your family doctor. Your doctor can tell you if the heart murmur is innocent and doesn’t require any further treatment or if an underlying heart problem needs to be further examined.

What should I avoid with a heart murmur?

6 tips to prevent abnormal heart murmurs

  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Cut down on alco​​hol.
  • Keep pre-existing illnesses, such as high blood pressure, diabetes or high cholesterol, under control.

What does a heart murmur sound like?

Heart murmurs are sounds during your heartbeat cycle — such as whooshing or swishing — made by turbulent blood in or near your heart. These sounds can be heard with a stethoscope. A normal heartbeat makes two sounds like “lubb-dupp” (sometimes described as “lub-DUP”), which are the sounds of your heart valves closing.

Is a heart murmur serious?

A heart murmur isn’t a disease — but murmurs may indicate an underlying heart problem. Often, heart murmurs are harmless (innocent) and don’t need treatment. Some heart murmurs may require follow-up tests to be sure the murmur isn’t caused by a serious underlying heart condition.

What causes a heart murmur sound?

Heart murmurs are turbulent-like sounds that are created by disturbed blood flow in the heart valves, ventricles, or atria. They may be caused by increased blood flow, dilated pathways, or the clotting of blood.

What causes the heart sounds?

Heart sounds are caused by the closure of heart valves. The first sound you hear is S1 and is caused by the closure of the atrioventricular valves (AV) TRICUSPID AND MITRAL VALVES. This sounds like “LUB”.

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