What it means to be posthuman?
Posthuman or post-human is a concept originating in the fields of science fiction, futurology, contemporary art, and philosophy that means a person or entity that exists in a state beyond being human.
What is the goal of Posthumanism?
Posthumanistic discourse aims to open up spaces to examine what it means to be human and critically question the concept of “the human” in light of current cultural and historical contexts.
What is Posthumanist theory?
Posthumanist theory claims to offer a new epistemology that is not anthropocentric and therefore not centered in Cartesian dualism. It seeks to undermine the traditional boundaries between the human, the animal, and the technological.
What is the difference between posthuman and transhuman?
The most vigorous movements dealing with this ongoing crisis of humanism are posthumanism and transhumanism. While posthumanism reconsiders what it means to be human, transhumanism actively promotes human enhancement.
What does it mean to be posthuman Hayles?
According to Hayles the posthuman view privileges information over materiality, considers consciousness as an epiphenomenon and imagines the body as a prosthesis for the mind. Thus, Hayles links this to an overall cultural perception of virtuality and a priority on information rather than materiality.
Is Posthumanism ethical?
Post-human ethics So while for Kurzweil post-humanism describes a technological future of enhanced humanity, for Haraway, post-humanism is an ethical position that extends moral concern to things that are different from us and in particular to other species and objects with which we cohabit the world.
How we become posthuman Hayles summary?
How We Became Posthuman is at root a book about what it is to be human during our time of rapid and jarring technological change, a book about how selfhood and philosophies have been transformed in the wake of the societal and technological revolutions brought about by computers, artificial intelligence, and virtual …
Which is an idea behind transhumanism?
Transhumanism, social and philosophical movement devoted to promoting the research and development of robust human-enhancement technologies. Such technologies would augment or increase human sensory reception, emotive ability, or cognitive capacity as well as radically improve human health and extend human life spans.
What is Posthumanism Wolf?
For Wolfe, posthumanism is the set of questions confronting us, and way of dealing with those questions, when we can no longer rely on “the human” as an autonomous, rational being who provides an Archimedean point for knowing about the world (in contrast to “humanism,” which uses such a figure to ground further claims) …
Who is said to have coined the term Posthumanism?
Almost 20 years ago, Katherine Hayles published a landmark book called How We Became Posthuman.
Who coined the term posthuman?
How did we become posthuman virtual bodies?
Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics In How We Became Posthuman, N. Ranging widely across the history of technology, cultural studies, and literary criticism, Hayles shows what had to be erased, forgotten, and elided to conceive of information as a disembodied entity.
What does it mean to be a posthuman person?
This matters greatly because it affects what we think is possible and reasonable to do to a person/body, and therefore has deep consequences for the moral and ethical dimensions of our choices in life. Poor women in India who rent their wombs out to rich families from developed countries are one manifestation; egg and sperm donors another.
What kind of questions does the posthuman concept address?
The concept addresses questions of ethics and justice, language and trans-species communication, social systems, and the intellectual aspirations of interdisciplinarity.
How is the posthuman an object of critical theory?
In critical theory, the posthuman is a speculative being that represents or seeks to re-conceive the human. It is the object of posthumanist criticism, which critically questions humanism, a branch of humanist philosophy which claims that human nature is a universal state from which the human being emerges;
How are posthuman rights related to human rights?
and the associated post-cyborg ethics (e.g. the ethics of forced removal of cyborg technologies by authorities, etc.). Posthuman political and natural rights have been framed on a spectrum with animal rights and human rights.