What is Oranjemund best known for?
rich diamond deposits
Oranjemund is best known for its rich diamond deposits which were discovered in the early 19th century and in 1928 lead to the establishment of an informal settlement along the Orange River banks.
Does Oranjemund have a sea?
Oranjemund, planned company town in one of the principal gem-diamond-producing areas of the world, extreme southwestern Namibia. The town has no ocean port facilities but is connected to Alexander Bay, South Africa (across the Orange River), by a modern highway bridge. …
Who is the owner of Namdeb?
Namdeb Holdings (PTY)
Ownership: Namdeb is a wholly owned subsidiary of Namdeb Holdings (PTY) Ltd, which is a 50/50 joint venture between the Government of the Republic of Namibia and De Beers Group. Core Business: Diamond exploration and mining along the south-west coast and inland areas of Namibia’s //Karas Region.
Why did people settle in Oranjemund?
Formerly an almost uninhabited area, Oranjemund was founded in the 1930s to cater for the workers of the company exploiting the lower Orange River alluvial diamond deposits, which were discovered by the legendary geologist Hans Merensky, who also discovered the world’s richest platinum deposits in South Africa.
Can you drive from Oranjemund to Luderitz?
Can I drive from Oranjemund to Lüderitz? Yes, the driving distance between Oranjemund to Lüderitz is 394 km. It takes approximately 5h 31m to drive from Oranjemund to Lüderitz.
Where is the mouth of the Orange River?
Where is Diamond found in Namibia?
The Tsau ǁKhaeb (Sperrgebiet) National Park, formerly known as Sperrgebiet (German, meaning “Prohibited Area”; also known as Diamond Area 1) is a diamond mining area in southwestern Namibia, in the Namib Desert.
Where is uranium mined in Namibia?
The Rössing Uranium Mine in Namibia is the longest-running and one of the largest open pit uranium mines in the world. It is located in the Namib Desert near the town of Arandis, 70 kilometres from the coastal town of Swakopmund. Discovered in 1928, the Rössing mine started operations in 1976.
Can you cross the border at Oranjemund?
Oranjemund Border control is situated between Namibia and South Africa. On the Namibia side you have the town of Oranjemund, and on South Africa’s side Alexander Bay….Oranjemund Border Post (NAM/RSA-Alexander Bay) 06h00-22h00.
|P.O. Box 14, Oranjemund, Namibia
Which is the biggest dam in South Africa?
The Gariep Dam
Usually made of concrete. The Gariep Dam, in the Free State, is the dam with the largest storage capacity ever built in South Africa. Constructed in 1972, it stores water from the Orange River in a 100 km-long dam with a surface area of 374 km2. The dam can store about 5 500 million cubic metres (m3) of water.
Are there diamonds in the Orange River?
In 1867, the first diamond discovered in South Africa, the Eureka Diamond, was found near Hopetown on the Orange River. Today, several commercial diamond mines operate on the last stretch of the river, as well as the beaches around its mouth. Diamond mines also operate on the middle stretch of the river.
Is Namibia a rich or poor country?
Overview. Namibia is a higher-middle-income country with an estimated annual GDP per capita of US$5,828 but has extreme inequalities in income distribution and standard of living. It leads the list of countries by income inequality with a Gini coefficient of 59.7 (CIA) and 74.3 (UN), respectively.
When was the diamond mine in Oranjemund established?
Gem-quality diamonds were discovered in the vicinity in the late 1920s, and the town was established in 1936. In 1943 Oranjemund became the headquarters of the monopolistic Consolidated Diamond Mines of South West Africa, Ltd. (a subsidiary of De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd. ); in 1994 the company was reformed as Namdeb Diamond Corp.,…
Where is the town of Oranjemund in Namibia?
See Article History. Oranjemund, planned company town in one of the principal gem-diamond-producing areas of the world, extreme southwestern Namibia. It is located near the Atlantic coast about 5 miles (8 km) north of the mouth of the Orange River, in the sand dunes of the extremely arid Namib desert.
What was the population of Oranjemund in 1944?
Oranjemund, at the mouth of the Orange River, owes its existence to diamonds. So great was its wealth, that in 1944 it supplanted Kolmanskop as the CDM headquarters. With a population of 8000, Oranjemund is now an archetypal company town, with 100% employment, subsidized housing and medical care for its workers and their families.
When did Oranjemund become part of De Beers?
In 1943 Oranjemund became the headquarters of the monopolistic Consolidated Diamond Mines of South West Africa, Ltd. (a subsidiary of De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd. ); in 1994 the company was reformed as Namdeb Diamond Corp., an equal partnership between the Namibian government and De Beers.