# What is the chemical equation for the alpha decay of thorium-232?

## What is the chemical equation for the alpha decay of thorium-232?

The nucleus that decays is called the “parent” and the one that it tranforms into is called the “daughter.” Here are examples of alpha decay that you will find in your text. 90-Th-232 —> 88-Ra-228 + 2-He-4.

## What happens when thorium 230 undergoes alpha decay?

A. The nuclide thorium-230 undergoes alpha emission to give radium-226 .

## What is the decay constant for thorium-232?

The 232Th decay constant is imprecise (±0.5%) relative to those of 235U or 238U (<0.07%) and may produce systematic age differences of up to 20 m.y. (95%) at 2 Ga between the U-Pb and Th-Pb systems. Further- more, no consensus exists between the values accepted by the geological and nuclear com- munities.

## How many protons does thorium-232 have?

90 protons
Diagram of the nuclear composition and electron configuration of an atom of thorium-232 (atomic number: 90), the most stable isotope of this element. The nucleus consists of 90 protons (red) and 142 neutrons (blue).

## What is the alpha decay of Rn 222?

polonium-218
Radon-222 itself alpha decays to polonium-218 with a half-life of approximately 3.82 days, making it the most stable isotope of radon. Its final decay product is stable lead-206.

## What is the formula for alpha decay?

In the alpha decay of U238 (Equation 17.3. 1), both atomic and mass numbers are conserved: mass number: 238=4+234. atomic number: 92=2+90.

## How long will it take thorium 232 to reduce by 50%?

The time required for a radioactive substance to lose 50 percent of its radioactivity by decay is known as the half-life. The half-life of thorium- 232 is very long at about 14 billion years.

## What is the most harmful type of radiation?

Gamma rays
Gamma rays are the most harmful external hazard. Beta particles can partially penetrate skin, causing “beta burns”. Alpha particles cannot penetrate intact skin.

## How long does thorium take to decay?

The time required for a radioactive substance to lose 50 percent of its radioactivity by decay is known as the half-life. The half-life of thorium- 232 is very long at about 14 billion years.

## What is the value of decay constant?

The time required for half of the original population of radioactive atoms to decay is called the half-life. The relationship between the half-life, T1/2, and the decay constant is given by T1/2 = 0.693/λ.

## Is thorium named after Thor?

In 1815, for example, Berzelius isolated a new element from a mineral sent to him from the Swedish mining town of Falun and named it thorium after the Scandinavian god of thunder, Thor.

## What are the decay products of thorium-232?

As thorium- 232 decays, it releases radiation and forms decay products that include radium-228 and thorium-228. The decay process continues until a stable, nonradioactive decay product is formed. In addition to thorium-232, thorium- 228 is present naturally in background.

## What is the half life of thorium 231 th?

(The name is still used in ionium–thorium dating.) Thorium-231. 231 Th has 141 neutrons. It is the decay product of uranium-235. It is found in very small amounts on the earth and has a half-life of 25.5 hours. When it decays, it emits a beta ray and forms protactinium-231. It has a decay energy of 0.39 MeV.

## Which is an example of the beta minus decay of thorium?

Let’s consider the example of the beta-minus decay of thorium-234 to protactinium-234. This reaction is represented by the equation: 90 234 T h → 91 234 P a + − 1 0 e + energy. The equation shows that thorium-234 becomes protactinium-234 and loses a beta particle and energy.

## How does thorium-232 end up as lead 208?

Thorium-232 which ends up as Lead-208. What we mean is that Thorium-232 decays into Radium-228 plus an alpha particle. That isotope of Radium subsequently decays into Actinium-228 via beta decay, and so on until Lead-208 is the final end product. Since Lead-208 doesn’t decay, it is 