What type of material is 440C?
440C (UNS designation S44004) is a martensitic 400 series stainless steel, and is the highest carbon content from 400 stainless steel series. It is usually heat treated to reach hardness of 58–60 HRC. It is a bearing steel, and used in rolling contact stainless bearings, e.g. ball bearings and roller bearings.
Can stainless steel be a spring?
Why is Stainless Steel Used for Springs? Stainless steel is a popular material for use in springs. This is largely due to the corrosion and heat resistance present in the metal. As the material is hard-wearing, it makes it an ideal option for many applications.
Which stainless steel is best for springs?
AISI 302/304 Stainless Steel Wire Springs. – This is the most popular stainless steel alloy for springs, exhibiting good tensile strength, high corrosion resistance, good heat resistance, and slight magnetic properties. It maintains its strength at temperatures up to 550 degrees F.
What are the properties of martensitic stainless steel?
This type of steel is very responsive to multiple forms of heat treatment that can increase strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Martensitic stainless steel’s strength and corrosion resistance can be ideal for marine, industrial, and medical applications.
What does the C stand for in 440C stainless steel?
The C indicates that this is a different alloy (UNS designation S44004) from Type 440A (UNS S44002) and Type 440B (UNS S44003). These alloys have essentially the same alloying elements, but the carbon content differs.
What is the strongest material for springs?
high carbon spring steel
The most popular material of choice is high carbon spring steel, they are relatively low-cost and are widely available. They are also the strongest materials to be used in spring production.
Which metal is used in spring?
Chromium is a popular alloyant that is used to improve strength, ductility, toughness, and hardness and is present in most types of steel as a result. Other incredibly popular alloyants that are used in carbon steel, which is sometimes referred to as spring steel, includes molybdenum, silicon, nickel, and copper.
Does 316 grade stainless steel rust?
Stainless 316 is made up of 16% chromium, 10% nickel and 2% molybdenum. The two steel grades are comparable in appearance, chemical makeup and characteristics. Both steels are durable and provide excellent resistance to corrosion and rust.
What is the best steel for springs?
High Carbon Spring Steel Sae 1070-1090 high carbon blue tempered and polished spring steel is a standard material for conventional springs. It is the lowest cost material and best suited for applications that have a protected environment, as carbon steel corrodes if not lubricated or atmospherically sealed.
What is the combination of stainless steel?
Composition of Stainless Steel Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon. Stainless steels are steels containing at least 10.5% chromium, less than 1.2% carbon and other alloying elements.
What is meant by martensitic?
Martensitic is a descriptive term used to refer to martensite stainless steel. Martensite stainless steel is a type of steel with added carbon and a body-centered tetragonal crystalline structure.
What are the physical properties of SS 440 stainless steel?
SS 440 stainless steel properties (physical properties, mechanical properties, magnetic properties) are given in the lists below. AISI 440 has good oxidation resistance in intermittent use below 815 °C and continuous use up to 760 °C in air. SS440 heat treatment including annealing, quenching, tempering and stress relieving, etc.
What should the temperature be for grade 440C stainless steel?
Grade 440C stainless steel can be tempered by soaking at 148°C (300°F). Grade 440C stainless steel can be hardened by heating at 760°C (1400°F). Temperature can be increased up to 1010°C (1850°F) followed by cooling in air or oil.
What is the HRC hardness of 440C stainless steel?
For 440A and 440B stainless steel, 150 °C – 370 °C, and can get the HRC hardness 49-57 for 440A, 53-59 for 440B steel. For 440C stainless steel, tempering temperature and corresponding HRC hardness, as follows
What are the specifications for AISI 440 stainless steel?
For AISI 440 stainless steel datasheet, heat treatment and equivalent chart, please see the tables below. ASTM AISI 440 stainless steel data sheet and specification are summarized in the following tables, including chemical composition and properties.