Which two speakers would most likely support the idea of democracy?
The writings of Jean Jacques ROUSSEAU, Baron de MONTESQUIEU, and John LOCKE were similar in that each supported the principles of a DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC. The ideas of Rousseau, Voltaire, and Montesquieu influenced movements for POLITICAL REFORM.
Which event is most closely associated with the French Revolution?
Reign of Terror
When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person or in the same body of magistrates government officials there can be no liberty because apprehensions fears may arise lest?
42. 3 “When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates [government officials], there can be no liberty; because apprehensions [fears] may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws to execute them in a tyrannical manner… .”
What problem does Locke identify in this passage?
What problem does John Locke identify in this passage? “If man in the state of nature is free, if he is absolute lord of his own person and possessions, why will he give up his freedom?
What did Montesquieu believe were the purpose of government and laws?
Montesquieu wrote that the main purpose of government is to maintain law and order, political liberty, and the property of the individual. Montesquieu opposed the absolute monarchy of his home country and favored the English system as the best model of government.
When the law making and law enforcement powers are united in the same person there can be no liberty?
He wrote, “When the [law making] and [law enforcement] powers are united in the same personthere can be no liberty.” According to Montesquieu, each branch of government could limit the power of the other two branches. Therefore, no branch of the government could threaten the freedom of the people.
What is the highest legal authority in the United States government quizlet?
What is the highest legal authority in the United States government? Article 6 of the Constitution declares that the Constitution is the “supreme law of the land.” The Constitution is the basic law of the US.
What did the ideas of John Locke Baron de Montesquieu and Jean Jacques Rousseau have in common?
What did the ideas of John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, and Jean Jacques Rousseau have in common? The philosophies challenged the traditional role of women. The philosophies inspired the American and French revolutions. The theories promoted fairness in the criminal justice system.
What beliefs did Hobbes Locke and Rousseau share?
The classic social-contract theorists of the 17th and 18th centuries—Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), John Locke (1632–1704), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–78)—held that the social contract is the means by which civilized society, including government, arises from a historically or logically preexisting condition of …
Did Rousseau believe that it was the right of the strongest to rule?
Did Rousseau believe that it was the right of the strongest to rule? No; he believed that being strong and forceful did not necessarily give the strongest the rule unless the people willed it.
What is the right of the strongest?
THE RIGHT OF THE STRONGEST THE strongest is never strong enough to be always the master, unless he transforms strength into right, and obedience into duty.
What is Rousseau’s view on the right of the strongest as discussed in the social contract?
Rousseau states that there is no “right of the strongest.” Strength itself only forces obedience through fear, but it cannot possibly “produce morality.” If “the strongest [were] always right,” the concept of “rights” would be meaningless: anyone who says it is right to “obey those in power” really means that people …
How are Rousseau and John Locke theories similar?
Rousseau’s hypothesis was similar to Locke’s in that man was naturally good and would be content in the state of nature. Rousseau was in favour of individual freedom and independence. Rousseau’s theory unlike Locke’s theory states that men would be independent and not need to rely on each other.
What did Locke believe?
John Locke (1632–1704) is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period. In the Two Treatises of Government, he defended the claim that men are by nature free and equal against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch.